Spinoza: God, Ideas and Their Adequacy

The focal point of the second part of Baruch De Spinoza’s Ethics is the origin and nature of the mind. Ideas in the minds of humans are a mode of God’s attribute of thought -not extension, which is an attribute which unrelated in any direct sense to the attribute of thought. In the realm of ideas, “some ideas are adequate, but others are mutilated and confused.” (P1E3) What constitutes an adequate idea, Spinoza thinks…